Taking A Journey Through Ethiopia

Travelling through Ethiopia can be a stressful trip for many people that are not familiar with notions of true poverty and despair. Despite the poverty, however, it is a beautiful and breathtaking nation of grace and passion. The people of Ethiopia are blessings to the earth, living in often desolate conditions but still fairly joyful. Meeting the people is a big part of a typical journey through Ethiopia. Many people take the people for granted as they journey through Ethiopia and they try to turn the other way and turn from the poverty and the pain. Ethiopia is nothing, however, if not for its history and the land that has been left behind ravaged from war and famine.


Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world. It is the oldest independent country in Africa, lending its colors to the flags of all of the other countries that have since gained independence in Africa. It is also the second oldest Christian nation in the world behind Armenia and a journey through Ethiopia reveals this rich heritage in its people and in the construction of the buildings with obvious influences from the Arab world. Ethiopia has long been a member of international organizations, which puts it above a lot of other African nations that are fairly isolated from the rest of the world in policy and government.


Moving Through The Land

Ethiopia became a member of the League of Nations and signed into the United Nations in 1942. It founded the UN Headquarters in Africa and was one of the founding members of the Organization of African Unity. A quick journey through Ethiopia finds that the people of this country are very worldly and know what is going on in the rest of Africa and how it relates to the world. The government of Ethiopia has long been interesting to people that study African government, with a situation that is fairly distinctive in the often primitive world of African government.


The government is a framework of federal parliamentary republic, meaning that the Prime Minister is the head of government in Ethiopia. Executive power is, therefore, executed by the government. Through a journey through Ethiopia, we find many people remain quite patriotic of their country and want to hold their government accountable for a lot of the problems of the country. There are often protests in Ethiopia about the mistreatment of some of its people. This represents a lively people in a society that has not given up hope just yet.

Learning About The Capital Of Ethiopia

The capital of Ethiopia was founded in 1887. Addis Ababa is the capital, the commercial and political capital of the African nation of Ethiopia. Over three million people live in Addis Ababa at last count, making it a very populated city. It is the largest city in Ethiopia and holds the Federal Government of Ethiopia seat. There are also various embassies, dignitaries, and other organizations involving regional government, international organizations, non-governmental agencies and other organizations such as the Economic Commission for Africa or the Organization of African Unity. The capital of Ethiopia is an important hub for organizations of the world to touch Africa.


Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, is also the capital of the African Union. The African Union is an organization that consists of about 53 African states and was formed in 2001 to serve as a predecessor to the African Economic Community and the Organization of African Unity. One of the many goals of the African Union is to have a single currency and a single defence force that will be integrated through the capital of Ethiopia. The purpose of the union is to secure Africa’s rights on a global scale and to bring an end to inter-Africa conflict that causes problems within and between the states of the continent.


The Other Factors And Features

It is considered widely by most census takers and information collectors that one hundred percent of the people in the capital of Ethiopia are urban dwellers. This is because there are no rural areas in Addis Ababa to speak of. The census also reports that there is slightly more women than men in Addis Ababa, although the difference is quite small at around one hundred thousand more women than men. The city has an estimated population density of around five thousand people for every square mile. This can create quite crowded conditions on the streets.


A large majority of people in Addis Ababa are Christians, at around 82%. Twelve percent of people in the capital of Ethiopia are Muslims and the rest are followers of other religions including Hinduism and Judaism. Almost all ethnic groups are represented in Addis Ababa because of its position as the capital of Ethiopia. There are many farmers in Addis Ababa that contribute a lot of their crops and their animals to the overall storehouse projects. They are continual contributors to the economy of the city as a whole.

Ethiopia Population – A Brief Look at the Demographics of Ethiopia

Ethiopia population is extremely diverse. With a total population of over 76 million, the country is home to more than 80 different ethnic groups. The three most important ethnic groups that make up nearly 70% of the population include Oromo, Amhara, and Tigray. The rest of the population comprises a number of ethnic groups, most of which are different from each other. Some of the ethnic groups in the country are very small in number – just about 10,000 people in a group.


The two most important religions followed by the people in Ethiopia include Christianity and Islam. According to latest statistics, more than 60% of the Ethiopia population is Christian, making Christianity the most dominant and the most followed religion in the country. Nearly 33% of the population is Moslem, making Islam the second biggest religion in the country. The people who follow the traditional African religion constitute around 6% of the population. Ethiopia was once home to a very small Jewish minority, but most of the Jews have migrated to Israel over the years.


While the Christians in the country mostly live in the highlands, the lowlands are occupied mostly by the Moslems. Apart from this, the followers of animist religions are found in the southernmost regions of the country.


The languages spoken by the Ethiopia population include Amharic, Oromigna, Tigrinya, Somali, Guragigna, Sidamo, and a number of other local languages. Apart from these languages, Arabic and English are the major foreign languages taught in schools all over the country. The Italian minority in the country speak Italian as well.


As far as the numbers are concerned – around 33% of the population speaks Amharic, 32% of the population speaks Oromigna, and 7% of the population speaks Tigrinya. Since English is taught as the major foreign language in most schools, tourists from English speaking countries find it easier to converse with the educated locals here in the country.


Interestingly, the Semitic speaking Ethiopians and Eritreans in the country, irrespective of the religions they follow, collectively call themselves ‘Habesha’ or ‘Abesha’. The Arabic form of the term ‘Habesha’ is ‘Al-Habasha’, which is the etymological basis of the term ‘Abyssinia’ – the former name of Ethiopia in English and a number of other major European languages.


Ethiopia population has a growth rate of around 3.2%. Among the 76 million Ethiopians, nearly 43% are literate. The literacy rate is around 50% in males and 35% in females. Apart from the native population, Ethiopia is also home to a number of refugees from Somalia, Sudan, and Eritrea.

A Closer Look at the Famine in Ethiopia 1984-1985

The famine in Ethiopia 1984-1985 is considered one of the most devastating famines in the history of mankind. There were actually two famines, both of which were equally destructive, during this period – one in the northern region and one in the southern region. The famine in the north was mainly due to the government’s callous carelessness and the famine in the south was mainly due to the failure of short rains at that time.


The reign of the Derg is widely considered the most important cause of the famine in Ethiopia 1984. When the Derg was in control, there were insurgencies in as many as fourteen of the country’s administrative regions. A lot of local groups were competing against each other to take control of the country during this period. So, in order to put an end to all these insurgencies, the Derg started to kill the ‘suspected’ enemies of the government. This period (1977 to 1978) is called the Red Terror during which hundreds of thousands of people were killed systematically by the Derg.

It won’t be farfetched to say that the seeds of the famine in Ethiopia 1984 were deliberately sown during the Red Terror. During this period, the AMC (Agricultural Marketing Corporation), a corporation set up by the Derg, started extracting food from the peasants in the rural areas to feed the urban population.


This move was a direct result of the nationwide unrest among the urban population thanks to the insurgencies. The Derg tried to pacify the urban population by giving food grains at very cheap prices. However, this turned out to be a disaster for the rural population, especially the peasantry.


The Derg fixed a very low price for food grains and this turned out to be a disincentive to production in the rural areas. The farmers, who were supposed to give their share of food grains to the AMC, bought grains in the open market amassing a lot of debts. One of the most heinous moves of the Derg was the restriction of non-agricultural activities. Thanks to this shocking move, the farmers were not able to engage in non-agricultural activities such as migrant labor and petty trading.


As a result, they were not able to supplement their poor income. During this period, nearly 500,000 farmers lost a significant part of their income which led to a collapse in state run commercial farms. All these things led to the famine in Ethiopia 1984 in the northern part of the country.


In the mid eighties, things were chaotic in Ethiopia. The local insurgencies, the total failure of crops, and the Derg’s reckless attitude led to a major humanitarian crisis during the aftermath of the famine in Ethiopia 1984. Nearly six million people were dependant on relief food and waterborne diseases and hunger deaths were rampant. During this time, the international community severely criticized the government and a lot of relief organizations offered food to the affected people. The people who lived in the famine-hit part of the country were moved to the southern part.


The famine in Ethiopia 1984 affected nearly eight million people. The estimated death toll is over one million. A lot of historians called it a ‘Biblical famine in the 20th century’. A lot of countries including the U.S., the Soviet Union, Germany, Poland, Canada, and Switzerland were involved in the humanitarian response to the famine.

The History of Ethiopia – A Must-Read for Every History Lover

The history of Ethiopia is very fascinating to say the least. It is actually one of the oldest countries in the world with the earliest evidence of its existence going back as far as 1000 BC. It is the second most populous country in Africa with a population of over 78 million. Ethiopia is situated in the Horn of Africa and is landlocked by five countries including Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, and Djibouti.


The history of Ethiopia is considered very, very important by historians around the world as the country is considered the place where humans evolved. The oldest remains of human ancestors were found in the Awash Valley in Ethiopia. These remains were at least five million years old at the time of discovery.


An important thing which distinguishes Ethiopia from a lot of other countries is that it has possibly the longest recorded history in the world today. This makes it easier for historians to trace the history of Ethiopia. The country has been mentioned often by historians in the past – the writings of the very famous Greek historian Herodotus and the Old Testament’s mention of the Queen of Sheba’s visit to Jerusalem to meet King Solomon are considered the most important references to Ethiopia in recorded history. In fact, legend has it that the founder of the Ethiopian Empire – King Menelik – was born to the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon.


During the fourth century, a lot of missionaries from Egypt and Syria reached Ethiopia and started spreading Christianity. Eventually, it became the state religion. For nearly three centuries, Ethiopia remained a predominantly Christian state. During the seventh century, Islam spread in the region very fast and Moslems migrated in large numbers to Ethiopia – marking the event of the very first Hijra in Islam history. The country is also home to Harar – the fourth holiest Muslim city in the world today. To date, Ethiopia has a considerable number of Moslems who form a sizeable minority.


From the 1700s, Ethiopia was not under the control of any central power. This was called the ‘Era of Princes’ in the history of Ethiopia as the country was under the control of a number of local princes who just fought with each other over total supremacy. Things started to change in 1869, when Emperor Tewodros, followed by Emperor Yohannes, unified the country by bringing a lot of princely states together.


The period from 1889 to 1913 is very important in the history of Ethiopia as this was the time when Ethiopian emperors fought against the encroachment of the Europeans. Italy, in particular, was very determined to bring Ethiopia under its control. This led to the famous Battle of Adwa in which Ethiopia defeated the Italian forces. This was a significant achievement as it was the first victory of an African country over a European country.


However, the African supremacy did not last long as the country was invaded by Benito Mussolini in 1936 and remained under their control till 1941. After a bloody battle in which the Ethiopian patriotic resistance forces and the British forces defeated the Italians, Haile Selassie, who was the emperor back then, entered Addis Ababa and regained power.


Emperor Haile Selassie, who is considered one of the greatest emperors of in the history of Ethiopia, made a big mistake upon regaining power. He annexed the Italian colony of Eritrea with Ethiopia. This led to an outbreak of a major guerilla warfare in which the Muslims fought against the Christians. What followed was a dark period of inflation, corruption, famines, and countrywide unrest which led to the Ethiopian revolution in 1974.


Following the revolution, Emperor Haile was murdered and a socialist government was formed by a council of soldiers called the Derg. It was during this period that the history of Ethiopia took a violent turn, as the Derg started killing hundreds of thousands of people in a large scale purge called ‘red terror’. It was also during this time that the country faced two of the most destructive famines ever known to mankind – the 1984-1985 Famine. During these two years, more than a million people died. Eventually, this led to the collapse of the Derg and a transitional government was formed in 1991. Eritrea soon got separated from Ethiopia after a long war.


Today, Ethiopia remains a federal parliamentary republic with the Prime Minister as the head of the government. The main problem that plagues the country of Ethiopia today is the rise of radical Islamism. The government, however, is vociferously fighting the problem with the help of the U.S. forces.


The history of Ethiopia, as you can see, is must-read for anyone who is interested in history.