Learning about Ethiopia culture has a lot to do with learning about the people of the country. The Amhara are the dominant people class in Ethiopia, representing the culturally dominant people of Ethiopia. They are located in the highlands of Ethiopia and make up the major portion of the population of the country, especially in areas such as Begemder and Gojjam. The Amhara are also the most populated groups of people in Ethiopia, comprising a majority of Ethiopia culture in a numerical sense as well. In fact, it is estimated that about one third of the people of Ethiopia belongs to the Amhara sensibility and represent that people group.
Languages spoken in Ethiopia are also an important part of learning about Ethiopia culture. The most major languages spoken in Ethiopia are Amharic, Tigrinya, Somali, and Arabic. English is the major foreign language taught in most schools. Ethiopia has a literacy rate of around 23 percent of the 67 million people that live there. There are about 400 thousand people in Ethiopia that are legally blind and about half of that being considered legally deaf. This accounts for the literacy rate and the cultural understanding of language as being often confusing. The number of languages that are listed as being current in Ethiopia is a staggering 84.
Other Cultural Influences
Language and people type are just a part of the overall Ethiopia culture makeup. Religion is one of the most accepted parts of everyday life in Ethiopia. It is a commonly understood fact of life for the people of this country, creating a sense of religion in the language and in the way people speak. The notion of God is often spoken of in normal conversation and interaction. Christianity is the dominant religion in Ethiopia, but there are some pockets of followers of Islam. Amazingly enough, the two religious groups coexist peacefully in the areas that they are both present in.
There are several festivals and celebrations that are featured in Ethiopia culture. The people of Ethiopia love to celebrate and love to recognize important historical events. This leads to a plethora of festivals at which the best clothes are worn, food and drink flow, and people dance and sing in the streets. The mood of celebration is high in Ethiopia culture and forms into a lot of spontaneous celebration as well. National holidays recognize liberation and defeat of the Italians in various celebrations.